The electoral college, this system of presidential electors, is still in effect today, although some adjustments have been made over the years the electors voted for two candidates at first the one with the highest number of votes became president.
An electoral college system that allowed voters to vote for electors, who would then cast their votes for candidates, a system described in article ii, section 1 of the constitution [source: weingast.
Opponents of the electoral college claim such outcomes do not logically follow the normative concept of how a democratic system should function one view is the electoral college violates the principle of political equality, since presidential elections are not decided by the one-person one-vote principle. The electoral college will dominate the airwaves and the headlines on election day tuesday but what exactly is the electoral college below is a quick guide on what it does and why it matters what is the electoral college the electoral college is made up of 538 electors who cast votes to decide the president and vice-president of the united states. A majority of electoral votes is necessary to elect, a requirement intended to insure broad acceptance of a winning candidate, while election by the house was provided as a default method in the event of electoral college deadlock. Efforts to get rid of the electoral college over the years, the electoral college has been much derided, including by its most recent beneficiary the electoral college is a disaster for a democracy.
The electoral college, oddly enough, is not a place but instead a process it is a selected group of people who elect the president and vice president of the united states, so you can tell how important it truly is. Although this could feel as though your vote is about as decisive as those of an elementary school election, the electoral college process was actually put in place to ensure a nationwide system of fairness.
Why is the electoral college in place the system was established to ensure regional balance — it makes it mathematically impossible for a candidate with large amounts of support in just one. For some of us, the electoral college process (and its outcome) may seem a bit shocking in the 2000 us presidential election, for example, more americans voted for gore, but bush actually won the presidency because he was awarded the majority of electoral college votes. The electoral college is not without defenders: federal judge richard posner has argued that “despite its lack of democratic pedigree” its the best system for picking a president without endless divisiveness and recounts.
What happens if no one gets a majority of electoral college votes if no one gets a majority of electoral votes, the election is thrown to the us house of representatives the top three contenders face off with each state casting one vote whoever wins a majority of states wins the election. The tradition that the voters choose the presidential electors thus became an early and permanent feature of the electoral college system, and, while it should be noted that states still theoretically retain the constitutional right to choose some other method, this is extremely unlikely.